Civilian Internment in Canada

Histories and Legacies

Rhonda L. Hinther (Editor), Jim Mochoruk (Editor)

Civilian Internment in Canada initiates a conversation about not only internment, but also about the laws and procedures—past and present—which allow the state to disregard the basic civil liberties of some of its most vulnerable citizens. Exploring the connections, contrasts, and continuities across the broad range of civilian internments in Canada, this collection seeks to begin a conversation about the laws and procedures that allow the state to criminalize and deny the basic civil liberties of some of its most vulnerable citizens. It brings together multiple perspectives on the varied internment experiences of Canadians and others from the days of World War One to the present.

This volume offers a unique blend of personal memoirs of “survivors” and their descendants, alongside the work of community activists, public historians, and scholars, all of whom raise questions about how and why in Canada basic civil liberties have been (and, in some cases, continue to be) denied to certain groups in times of perceived national crises.


  • WINNER, Margaret McWilliams Award for Scholarly History Book (2020)


“Readers are challenged to reconsider internment’s significance and to accept that it embraces a variety of cultural, ethnic, political groups and individuals and the differing manner with which they were dealt. […] These essays bring refreshing approaches to the subject matter and a promise of dynamic future research.”

Keith Regular, The Ormsby Review

“Hinther and Mochoruk believe this searing tale – in addition to others – serve as a “powerful reminder” of the “fragility of civil liberties and human rights,” as well as a stand-in for a larger, more contested discussion on internment over the span of Canada’s history. […] The editors very much want readers to understand that Canada, despite all of the adulation it often receives in global diplomatic circles these days, had a “rich and shameful” record on these very civil right and liberties via civilian internment—defined as the detention as a prisoner without formal charge and conviction, almost always for political or military reasons.”

Britta Crandall & Russell Crandall, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books

“Many of the chapters—including Christine Whitehouse’s on the ambivalent sexualities of Jewish refugees, Judith Kestler’s on the positive reminiscences of interned German merchant marines, and Franca Iacovetta’s on the “risky business” of complicating a community’s understanding of its internment—are fascinating and, at least to this reader, novel.”

Jordan Stanger-Ross, BC Studies

“The collection reminds us to be cognizant that civilian internment is a human rights concern and is often the result of bypassing civilian liberties for the sake of national security. This is an important work that will remind a wide range of readers that human rights violations are not mere memories of a distant past, but they continue to shape our society today.”

Jonathan Chan, Ontario History

About the Authors

Rhonda L. Hinther is a professor in the Department of History at Brandon University, and an active public historian. Prior to joining BU, she served as Director of Research and Curation at the Canadian Museum for Human Rights and, before that, as Curator of Western Canadian History at the Canadian Museum of History. She is the author of Perogies and Politics: Canada’s Ukrainian Left, 1891-1991 (UTP, 2018) and co-editor, with Jim Mochoruk, of Civilian Internment in Canada: Histories and Legacies (UMP, 2020).

Jim Mochoruk has taught at the University of North Dakota since 1993. His books include The People’s Co-op: The Life and Times of a North End Institution (2000) and “Formidable Heritage:” Manitoba’s North and the Cost of Development, 1870 to 1930 (2004). Originally from Winnipeg, Jim is currently working on a book-length study concerning the social and economic history of Winnipeg—and its many real and imagined communities—in the inter-war period.

Other contributors: Mikhail Bjorge, Ed Caisse, Todd Caissie, Emily Cuggy, Paula Draper, Dennis Edney, Aya Fujiwara, Jodi Giesbrecht, Franca Iacovetta, Judith Kestler, Kassandra Luciuk, Marinel Mandres, Art Miki, Myron Momryk, Kathleen Ogilvie, Sharon Reilly, Clemence Schultze, Grace Eiko Thomson, Travis Tomchuk, Christine Whitehouse

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