Gifts from Amin

Ugandan Asian Refugees in Canada

Shezan Muhammedi (Author)

In August 1972, military leader and despot Idi Amin expelled Asian Ugandans from the country, professing to return control of the economy to “Ugandan citizens.” Within ninety days, 50,000 Ugandans of South Asian descent were forced to leave and seek asylum elsewhere; nearly 8,000 resettled in Canada. This major migration event marked the first time Canada accepted a large group of predominantly Muslim, non-European, non-white refugees.

Shezan Muhammedi’s Gifts from Amin documents how these women, children, and men—including doctors, engineers, business leaders, and members of Muhammedi’s own family—responded to the threat in Uganda and rebuilt their lives in Canada. Building on extensive archival research and oral histories, Muhammedi provides a nuanced case study on the relationship between public policy, refugee resettlement, and assimilation tactics in the twentieth century.

As the numbers of forcibly displaced people around the world continue to rise, Muhammedi’s analysis of policymaking and refugee experience is eminently relevant. The first major oral history project dedicated to the stories
of Ugandan Asian refugees in Canada, Gifts from Amin explores the historical context of their expulsion from Uganda, the multiple motivations behind Canada’s decision to admit them, and their resilience over the past fifty years.


Gifts from Amin is convincingly written, lucid and readable, and supported with a wide-range of research. Muhammedi’s interviews bring a fresh perspective to the topic of the Ugandan Asian exile, while contributing to our understanding of why Ugandan Asians left Uganda, the Canadian policies of dealing with refugees whose status awkwardly meets the UN definition of a refugee and their transitioning to Canadian citizenship, and the challenges and prospects with which this process was fraught.”

– Eliakim Sibanda, Department of History, University of Winnipeg

About the Author

Shezan Muhammedi is a policy analyst with the Canadian Federal Government and an adjunct research professor in the Department of History at Carleton University.

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