Making Believe

Questions About Mennonites and Art

Magdalene Redekop (Author)

Making Believe responds to a remarkable flowering of art by Mennonites in Canada. After the publication of his first novel in 1962, Rudy Wiebe was the only identifiable Mennonite literary writer in the country. Beginning in the 1970s, the numbers grew rapidly and now include writers Patrick Friesen, Sandra Birdsell, Di Brandt, Sarah Klassen, Armin Wiebe, David Bergen, Miriam Toews, Carrie Snyder, Casey Plett, and many more. A similar renaissance is evident in the visual arts (including artists Gathie Falk, Wanda Koop, and Aganetha Dyck) and in music (including composers Randolph Peters, Carol Ann Weaver, and Stephanie Martin).

Confronted with an embarrassment of riches that resist survey, Magdalene Redekop opts for the use of case studies to raise questions about Mennonites and art. Part criticism, part memoir, Making Believe argues that there is no such thing as Mennonite art. At the same time, her close engagement with individual works of art paradoxically leads Redekop to identify a Mennonite sensibility at play in the space where artists from many cultures interact. Constant questioning and commitment to community are part of the Mennonite dissenting tradition. Although these values come up against the legacy of radical Anabaptist hostility to art, Redekop argues that the Early Modern roots of a contemporary crisis of representation are shared by all artists.

Making Believe posits a Spielraum or play space in which all artists are dissembling tricksters, but differences in how we play are inflected by where we come from. The close readings in this book insist on respect for difference at the same time as they invite readers to find common ground while making believe across cultures.


Making Believe combines one woman’s deep intellectual and emotional engagements with family memory and community history as she traces the origins of the artistic renaissance among Mennonites in southern Manitoba. Art and play are essential to all of life, Redekop insists, as she makes the case for dialogic risk, refusing to shun the world or the worldly, whatever form that gesture may take. Her passionate voice speaks from the borders straight to our current cultural binds.”

– Julia Spicher Kasdorf, Professor of English and Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies, The Pennsylvania State University

Making Believe sharpens its rhetorical edge on the whetstone of genre-play, granting special attention to the dual questions of art’s place in a culture, and of Mennonite culture’s place in art. Reading slippage, leeway, and productive margins of error, Magdalene Redekop brings her clown-capacious eye to the many ways text and performance ‘make belief’ for us. Her critical-creative voice is fierce and generous; this is literary history written by a witness, something especially needed in the larger field of Canadian literature where memories can be both short and revisionist. Read it and be reminded of how you believe.”

– Tanis MacDonald, Associate Professor of English and Film Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University

“One review cannot do justice to the comprehensive nature of the book. Redekop offers an encyclopedic compendium of artistic, critical, and cultural observations.”

– Laura Friesen, Mennonite Quarterly Review

“Encourages readers to engage art by Mennonites — using a broad understanding of that designation — and dialogue with it, especially when it disturbs us.”

– Gordon Houser, Anabaptist World (Link)

About the Author

Magdalene Redekop is Professor Emerita of English at the University of Toronto. She is the author of Mothers and Other Clowns: The Stories of Alice Munro.

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