A Global History of Place and Sustainability
Mennonite farmers can be found in dozens of countries spanning five continents. In this comparative world-scale environmental history, Royden Loewen draws on a multi-year study of seven geographically distinctive Anabaptist communities around the world, focusing on Mennonite farmers in Bolivia, Canada, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Russia, the United States, and Zimbabwe. These farmers, who include Amish, Brethren in Christ, and Siberian Baptists, till the land in starkly distinctive climates. They absorb very disparate societal lessons while being shaped by particular faith outlooks, historical memory, and the natural environment.
The book reveals the ways in which modern-day Mennonite farmers have adjusted to diverse temperatures, precipitation, soil types, and relative degrees of climate change. These farmers have faced broad global forces of modernization during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, from commodity markets and intrusive governments to technologies marked increasingly by the mechanical, chemical, and genetic.
As Mennonites, Loewen writes, these farmers were raised with knowledge of the historic Anabaptist teachings on community, simplicity, and peace that stood alongside ideas on place and sustainability. Nonetheless, conditioned by gender, class, ethnicity, race, and local values, they put their agricultural ideas into practice in remarkably diverse ways. Mennonite Farmers is a pioneering work that brings faith into conversation with the land in distinctive ways.
“An outstanding work of comparative oral history that artfully situates Mennonite farmers within the context of Anabaptist teachings, the Mennonite diaspora, and the Anthropocene. This excellent book is uniquely positioned to demonstrate how communitarian faith and cultural enclaves compare with ‘high modernist’ and technocratic government approaches to the environment.”
– Joshua MacFadyen, University of Prince Edward Island, author of Flax Americana: A History of the Fibre and Oil That Covered a Continent
“Mennonite Farmers makes an important and original contribution to the history of rural and agricultural communities worldwide. Loewen does an excellent job of documenting and explaining the considerable diversity of experience across, and even within, seven different Mennonite communities around the world.”
– Ruth Sandwell, University of Toronto, author of Canada’s Rural Majority, 1870–1940: Households, Environments, Economies
“An imaginative and graceful global history of Mennonite farming. Mennonite Farmers offers a fresh perspective on the histories of agriculture, environment, and sustainability in the twentieth century.”
– Stuart McCook, author of Coffee Is Not Forever: A Global History of the Coffee Leaf Roast
“Wonder what a group of farmers from four corners of the globe might discuss if they all came together for a coffee hour? Royden Loewen enlightens us by addressing how culture undergirds agriculture and how belief influences the business of farming. Mennonite Farmers confirms that commitment comes at a cost but can also sustain farm fields and families alike.”
– Debra A. Reid, Curator of Agriculture and the Environment, The Henry Ford Museum
About the Author
Royden Loewen is a professor of history and Chair of Mennonite Studies at the University of Winnipeg. His books include Family, Church and Market: A Mennonite Community in the Old and New Worlds, and From the Inside Out: The Rural World of Mennonite Diarists.