In August 1972, military leader and despot Idi Amin expelled Asian Ugandans from the country, professing to return control of the economy to “Ugandan citizens.” Within ninety days, 50,000 Ugandans of South Asian descent were forced to leave and seek asylum elsewhere; nearly 8,000 resettled in Canada. This major migration event marked the first time Canada accepted a large group of predominantly Muslim, non-European, non-white refugees.
Shezan Muhammedi’s Gifts from Amin documents how these women, children, and men—including doctors, engineers, business leaders, and members of Muhammedi’s own family—responded to the threat in Uganda and rebuilt their lives in Canada. Building on extensive archival research and oral histories, Muhammedi provides a nuanced case study on the relationship between public policy, refugee resettlement, and assimilation tactics in the twentieth century. He demonstrates how displaced peoples adeptly maintain multiple regional, ethnic, and religious identities while negotiating new citizenship. Not passive recipients of international aid, Ugandan Asian refugees navigated various bureaucratic processes to secure safe passage to Canada, applied for family reunification, and made concerted efforts to integrate into—and give back to—Canadian society, all the while reshaping Canada’s refugee policies in ways still evident today.
As the numbers of forcibly displaced people around the world continue to rise, Muhammedi’s analysis of policymaking and refugee experience is eminently relevant. The first major oral history project dedicated to the stories of Ugandan Asian refugees in Canada, Gifts from Amin explores the historical context of their expulsion from Uganda, the multiple motivations behind Canada’s decision to admit them, and their resilience over the past fifty years.
"Gifts from Amin is convincingly written, lucid and readable, and supported with a wide-range of research. Muhammedi’s interviews bring a fresh perspective to the topic of the Ugandan Asian exile, while contributing to our understanding of why Ugandan Asians left Uganda, the Canadian policies of dealing with refugees whose status awkwardly meets the UN definition of a refugee and their transitioning to Canadian citizenship, and the challenges and prospects with which this process was fraught."Eliakim Sibanda, Department of History, University of Winnipeg
"In the author’s own words, the ‘book explores how Ugandan Asian refugees transitioned into Canadian citizens and their personal constructions of identity and sense of belonging’ (p. 4). This is quite an ambitious goal for any book, but Muhammedi more than achieves it."Jatinder Mann, The Journal of Australian, Canadian, and Aotearoa New Zealand Studies (JACANZS)
About the Author
Table of Contents
Ch 1: Exploring the Historical Roots of the Expulsion Decree
Ch 2: Dreams and Reality: Amin’s Expulsion Decree and the International Community’s Response
Ch 3: “Thank you, Pierre”: Canadian Immigration Policy in the 1970s and the Decision to Admit Ugandan Asian Expellees
Ch 4: “His Dream Became My Nightmare”: Canadian Operations and Life in Uganda during the 90-day Expulsion Period
Ch 5: “An Honourable Place”: Establishing New Roots in Canada and Evaluating Resettlement Initiative
Ch 6: From Refugees to Citizens: Integration, Commemoration, and Identities in Canada
Conclusion: Gifts that Keep on Giving: Ugandan Asian Canadians in the 21st Century